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December 1979 

Medications and diet sometimes need to be juggiea —page 


December 1979 Volume 8 Number 4 

Drugs, Diet and the Consumer 3 

The "juggli'tg" of drugs and diet may be necessary to ensure the proper thera- 
peutic value of the drug. By Julie Magno Zito and Paul G. Pierpaoli. 

The Elusive Pain ^ 

Patients are referred to the facial pain center at the School of Dentistry after 
having "shopped" from doctor to doctor for a solution to their pain problem. 

America: An Unfinished Tapestry 10 

America's past can come to life through a "living" tour to sites where America's 
history unfolded. By Constance E. Ober and Davui W. Hartman. 

Professors Learn, Too ^^ 

A special kind of learning experience is shared by Thomas O. Hall, chairman of 
the philosophy and religious studies department. 

Applied Theatre ^^ 

There is a little actor in all of us and the Theatre Department is making 
performers out of non- traditional students. 

Did You Know ^1 

Sports 26 

Whatever Happened To 27 

Nancy J. Hartman, Editor 

James L. Dunn, Director of Alumni Activities 

Nancy P. Williams, Assistant to the Director 

Mary Margaret C. Fosmark, Alumni Records Officer 

VCU Magazine is published quarterly for alumni and friends of Virginia 
Commonwealth University, Alumni Activiries Office, Richmond, Virgmia 
23284. Telephone (804) 257-1228 
Copyright © 1979 by Virginia Commonwealth University 

Opinions expressed in VCU Magazine are those of the author or person being interviewed 
and do not necessarily reflect those of the university. 

Credits: Chariie Martin, design; Dennis M. Stredney, graduate student Communication Arts 
and Design, pages 2-5; Bob Strong, pages 7-9, 13-20; Beverly Brown, University Graphics, 
pages 10-12; William Van Pelt, page 22; David W. Graves, University Graphics, travel. 

Cover: The cover was designed by Dennis M. Stredney, a graduate student in the Department 
of Communications Arts and Design. 

The VCU Magazine is being published five times in 1979. This action amends the publishing 
of the Winter 1979 issue in January of this year. 



Drugs,Diet and the Consumer 

By Julie Magno Zito and 
Paul G. Pierpaoli 

The current trend in the "holis- 
tic" approach to health care rec- 
ognizes the patient or consumer 
as an active participant in setting 
his or her own health goals and in 
working toward the achievement 
of these goals. But most of us do 
not feel adequately prepared to 
accept this responsibility. Instead, 
we seek the aclvice of experts to 
evaluate our health status and to 
prescribe drugs or other 
therapies. Still, the experts in- 
creasingly recognize the limits of 
their knowledge or medical inter- 
vention skills to alter health be- 
havior or the attitudes and life 
styles that underlie these be- 
haviors, especially if such be- 
havior leads to illness. 

As a nation, we are committed 
to better-informed health care 
consumers, the underlying pre- 
mise being that ultimately they 
will have less need of the costly 
procedures involved in the treat- 
ment of illness and disease. In 
other words, "an ounce of pre- 
vention will be worth 180 billion 
dollars of cure." But consumerism 

may be more easily achieved in 
the household and workplace 
environments than in health care. 
When experts and vested interest 
groups converge on a health issue 
such as, "Are vitamin supple- 
ments needed to maintain health 
in normal individuals ? " one finds 
much controversy and a long 
standing lack of consensus. This 
often leaves the consumer adrift 
on a sea of data ranging from the 
to the blatantly sensational. 

One obvious place to look for 
help in resolving such dilemmas 
has been government, tradition- 
ally a "watchdog" in the health 
care field. More recently, how- 
ever, government seems to have 
broadened its role to that of an 
interpreter or assessor. This is 
because government has become 
our biggest "third party" insurer 
by virtue of Medicare and 
Medicaid and, thus has assumed 
a stronger voice in health care 
decision-making. Also, health 
care technology has become so 
complex that it demands 
broader-based expertise for 
adequate evaluation. Accordingly, 
the national Office of Health Care 

Technology Assessment has been 
established to pose questions and 
find answers. 

Additional evidence of govern- 
ment's role as a consumer advo- 
cate is found in Food and Drug 
Administration publications like 
the F.D. A. Consumer, which re- 
searches and distills materials on 
health issues for the consumer. 
The Food and Drug Administra- 
tion (FDA) also established a 
number of "expert panels, " com- 
prised of medical and pharmaceu- 
tical professionals, which review 
major classes of over-the-counter 
(OTC) drugs. These panels have 
been charged with the responsi- 
bility for assessing the efficacy of 
OTC drugs and determining safe 
dosage limits, side effects, and 
interactions with other drugs and 
foods. There is a trend in the 
number of OTC drugs on the 
market being gradually reduced. 
Often this is due to the fact that 
the effects of these drugs have not 
been validated with scientific 

Some recent trends in nutrition 
have also had an impact on how 
we think about food and drugs, 
and their relationship to health. If 
one broadly defines "drug" as 

"any chemical agent that affects 
living processes, " then one can 
appreciate the role foods have as 
potential "drugs. "Since food has 
a primary effect on a living system, 
it can also be a source of interfer- 
ence with the effects of other 
drugs. None of this is new, as the 
nutritional community has long 
understood the importance of the 
dietary intake of essential chemi- 
cals for proper body maintenance. 
Yet during the 1960's, great inter- 
est developed in "organic" foods 
and vegetarianism. This interest 
came, from among other things, 
the injunctions of Zen and other 
eastern religions and the neo- 
religious cults of the flower chil- 
dren. Because of such influences, 
processed foods became a na- 
tional target of concern and the 
"junk-food-junkie" was born. 

From these and similar events, 
people began to use the term 
"drug" in a negative context, 
associating it with abuse, rather 
than as a chemical agent which 
maintains or restores health. 
Likewise, one can frequently see 
the term "organic" used in a way 
that implies a purer, safer agent 
for the consumer. But as a source 

of Vitamin C, rose hips have no 
more scienHfic rationale or ^ 
efficacy than ascorbic acid 
(synonymous with Vitamin 
C) that is synthetically produced 
by a commercial laboratory. 

Other recent dietary concerns 
focus on the prevention and 
control of cancer. Periodic articles 
using scienrific data, in both the 
lay and professional press, have 
suggested a direct relationship 
between the incidence of certain 
major forms of cancer and dietary 
habits. These articles suggest that a 
high beef diet will enhance the 
likelihood of colorectal cancers. 
Other correlations are being made 
between low fiber content and 
colon cancer, high fat consump- 
tion and bowel cancers, and raw 
vegetables and milk and gastric 
cancer. These studies are provoca- 
tive and can be upsetting when 
one thinks of the dietary golden 
rules that most of us have been 
reared on, epitomized by thick, 
juicy steaks and milk, our most 
"perfect" food. 

Additionally, articles on child 
development currently imply that 
processed foods may be a reason 
"why Johnny can't read." Ac- 
cording to Dr. Benjamin Feingold, 

hyperkinesis may be the reason 
why children cannot sit still long 
enough to learn how to read. He 
suggests that children with this 
problem may benefit from a diet 
which excludes all artificial colors 
and flavors, salicylates, and 
selected preservatives. While it is 
estimated that over 20,000 families 
in the United States are presentlv 
using the Feingold diet, controlled 
studies have not demonstrated its 
effectiveness unequi\-ocallv. 

Among the contro\'ersial items 
making headlines and headway 
outside the health care commu- 
nity are Vitamin B15 (pangamic 
acid) and Vitamin B17 (laetrile or 
amygdalin). The effort to label 
these chemical agents as "vita- 
mins" and consequently des- 
ignating them nutritional agents 
rather than "drugs" has allowed 
their marketing without FDA ap- 

Vitamin B15 is alleged to do 
everything from increasing the 
libido to curing falling hair, and 
presents a clear case of wishful 
thinking. Vitamin B17 on the 
other hand, amidst much furor 
and court action, is being used to 
fight cancer. The medical and 
scientific communities continue to 
point to a continuing list of deaths 
due to acute cyanide poisoning to 
reveal the inherent toxicity of 
laetrile. This issue is further com- 
plicated by emotions and the 
great need to find a drug which 
will fight terminal illness. 

The complexity of the role 
played by drugs and dietary 
components in maintaining health 
is evident in a review of articles in 
non-professional publications. 
These articles can leave one with 
the impression that total health 
care is achieved by simply avoid- 

ing red meats, fats, 
synthetically produced 
drugs, and processed 
foods; or with the 
notion that diet, in itself, 
is no indicator of health. 
Yet, one has only to consider 
the fact that obesity is a leading 
cause of morbidity (rate of illness) 
among young adults to appreciate 
the importance of diet in health. 

When dealing with drugs it 
should be remembered that clini- 
cal research is a dynamic process 
and time becomes important in 
the evolution of theory, in the 
development of teshng models, 
and in the application of valid 
research methods. Today's won- 
der cure may be tomorrow's 
thalidomide. Equally, today's 
wonder cure may prove to be a 
harmless agent with no effect at 

From a pharmacist's perspec- 
tive, the way in which drugs and 
diet interact is of special interest. 
Basically drugs and food can have 
an effect on each other. The drug 
affects the food's response by 
interfering with the absorption 
and utilization of nutrients. This 
is a situation which usually occurs 
when certain drugs are used for 

long-term therapy and can result 
in "malabsorption syndromes." In 
some instances, the chronic use of 
mineral oil as a laxative may lead 
to a decreased absorption of es- 
sential vitamins A, D, E, and K. 
Also, a thiamine (Bl) deficiency 
may follow the excessive and long 
term use of antacids. And drugs 
used in a variety of stomach and 
intestinal disorders to slow intes- 
tinal movements may prevent the 
absorption of certain nutrients. 
Alcohol is probably the best- 
known "drug, "causing malab- 
sorption of folic acid and Vitamin 
B12, loss of magnesium, and 
accounting for the serious nutri- 
tional deficiencies seen in chronic 
alcoholics. As more and more 
potent drugs are being used to 
treat patients with chronic dis- 
eases, the list of these interactions 
will grow. So it is important to 
realize that unnecessary or exces- 
sive use of any drug should be 

On the other hand, clinicians 
are becoming increasingly aware 
that the presence of food may 
significantly alter both the rate 
and extent of absorption of a 
given drug. This may occur be- 
cause the food alters the chemical 

environment of the stomach and 
intestine, or because it affects the 
metabolism of the drug. Some 
common examples of the former 
give us the basis for the precau- 
tion that many antibiotics (e.g., 
penicillins, erythromycins, tet- 
racycline) be taken on an empty 
stomach. The drugs are usually 
not inactivated when taken v^ith 
food, but are delayed in their 
absorption. This may also cause 
the desired effect to be delayed. 
Tetracycline has further precau- 
tions against being ingested with 
milk products and various an- 
tacids. These substances contain 
calcium, aluminum, and mag- 
nesium metal ions which will 
chemically complex with the drug 
and lead to incomplete absorp- 
tion. Similarly, iron supplements 
can complex with tetracycline^ and 
taking these two agents at the 
same time should be avoided. 

But not all drugs should be 
taken on an empty stomach to 
maximize absorption. Drugs 
which are inherently irritating to 
the gastric lining, such as in- 
domethacin, phenytoin, 
aminophyllin, steroids, and 
potassium supplements/ should be 
taken with meals or snacks to 
counter irritation. Another excep- 
tion is the antifungal griseofulvin, 
since the presence of high fat 
content foods will markedly in- 
crease its absorption. 

"A spoonful of sugar" was 
Mary Poppins' method of helping 
the medicine go down, and some 
parents try masking bitter tasting 
drugs by mixing them with fruit 
juices or soft drinks. But some 
thought should be given by par- 
ents to those drugs which can be 
inactivated by acidic beverages. 
Most fruit juices and soft drinks 
are acidic and, therefore, should 
not be used with markedly "acid 
affected" antibiotics, such as am- 
picillin, penicillin, and ery- 

Also, extremes in dietary habits 
may produce changes in the 
acidity or alkalinity of urine. This 
alters the excretion or loss of a 
drug from the body, thereby 
producing a potentially toxic state 
or a less than therapeutically 
desired result. Though in- 
frequently seen, the need for a 
balance in acid/alkaline-residue 

producing nutrients is demon- 
strated in the case of a patient 
treated for an erratic heartbeat 
with quinidine. The patient 
routinely ingested so much 
sodium bicarbonate and grape- 
fruit juice, that he induced drug 
toxicity by alkalinizing his urine, 
which then caused a retention of 
the drug. 

An additional group of drug- 
diet interactions is due to the 
presence of chemical elements in 
foods which have a phar- 
macologic effect by themselves or 
in combination with a drug. 
Agents which have strong effects 
by themselves include toxic sub- 
stances which have been isolated 
from poisonous fish, plants, and 
mushrooms. Recent studies on 
dietary restrictions of substances 
used to color, flavor, or preserve 
foods may also prove to have 

A second group of phar- 
macologically active agents from 
food sources can alter drug ef- 
fects. The most well-publicized 
member of this group is the 
interaction between tyramine- 
containing foods and monoamine 
oxidase inhibitors. The latter are 
agents used to treat depression, 
and they act by interfering with 
the enzymes responsible for 
metabolizing various biogenic 
amines which control blood 
pressure and mood. The ingestion 
of foods or beverages high in 
these biogenic amines, for exam- 
ple those containing tyramine, will 
produce an excessively high level 
of these substances in a system 
which also contains the drug. 
Therefore, the system cannot in- 
activate the biogenic amines due 
to drug inhibition of the needed 
enzymes, and a potentially life- 
threatening hypertensive crisis 
could occur. The risk-to-benefit 
factors must be considered when 
using these drugs and restriction 
of the offending foods is all that is 
necessary to ensure the patient's 
safety. Foods high in tyramine 
include many naturally occurring 
fermented substances, like 
Chianti wine, and aged cheeses, 
such as New York State Cheddar, 
Brie, and Gruyere. 

The "Chinese Restaurant Syn- 
drome" represents another phar- 
macologic effect by a food addi- 
tive. Monosodium glutamate, a 
flavor enhancer which is used 
extensively in Chinese cooking, 
acts in certain individuals to cause 
headache, facial pressure, and 
chest pain similar to angina. And 
the more recent "Japanese Res- 
taurant Syndrome" evolved from 
the case of a patient on a Japanese 
diet, high in soy meal content. He 
was being treated with the an- 
ticoagulant warfarin and an in- 
crease in the drug's absorption led 
to a bleeding episode which re- 
quired hospitalization. 
Presumably the drug's absorption 
was increased in the presence of a 
high protein level. 

Additionally, patients must in- 
form their physician of unusual 
dietary habits such as vegetar- 
ianism, since change may affect a 
prescribed drug. For instance, a 
severe salt-restricted diet will alter 
the level of lithium the body 
retains and can result in lithium 

While there are no clearcut 
rules emerging from the literature 
regarding drug-food interactions 
and, therefore, few generaliza- 
tions that can be made, the 
amount of clinical data is steadily 
increasing and drug users must be 
aware of the potential problems 
associated with OTC drugs and 
an improper balance of dietan,' 
components. Also, persons must 
adhere to any special instructions 
to ensure consistent drug effects. 

There are an increasing number 
of signs that the health care 
community will find its greatest 
success in helping consumers 
achieve optimum health when the 
consumer actively participates in a 
holistic approach. Together, clini- 
cians and consumers can muddle 
through the controversies, fads, 
and confusion, to produce a better 
informed, healthier society. 

The U'fly '" ic/nV/; dru^s ami diet 
interact is of special interest to both 
Jidie Magno Zito. a pliarnwa/ 
resident in the Department of Pliar- 
macy Seroices. and Paul G. 
PierpaoU, the director of p^hannaci/ 
seroices at MCVH and an associate 
professor hi the School of Pharmacy. ^ 

The Elusive 

The three women patients had 
"shopped" from doctor to doctor 
while looking for an answer to 
their elusive facial pain. 

The oldest patient, an artist in 
her late thirties, suffered for more 
than four years with an annoying 
jaw pain and had a popping 
sound in her jaw joint in front of 
her ear as she ate or talked. 
Additionally, she had a dull 
earache and limited mobility of 
her jaw. The second woman had 
pain radiating from the front of 
her ear to the front of her jaw, 
and at times, had a shooting pain 
throughout her jaw which came 
from one of her back teeth. The 
last patient suffered from neck 
pain, headaches, and top of the 
skull pain — all without obvious 

All three patients were suffer- 
ing from chronic pain disorders 
and were referrecl to the facial 
pain center at the School of 
Dentistry, according to Dr. Louis 
G. Mercuri, director of the center 
and assistant professor of oral and 
maxillofacial surgery. 

A TMj radiogrnpli being taken. 

The typical pain patient has 
been to a minimum of three 
doctors before being referred to 
the center. "Many have been told 
the problem is psychosomatic and 
they must learn to live with it, 
their 'imaginary pain'," says Mer- 
curi. The fact is the pain may have 
made them neurotic, not the 
neurosis causing the pain, says Dr. 
Robert L. Campbell, associate pro- 
fessor of oral and maxillofacial 
surgery. Campbell, along with 
Mercuri, joined the original pain 
clinic, formed by Dr. James H. 
Butler, chairman of the Division 
of Occulusion, in May 1978, to 
form the present, TMJ (tem- 
poromandibular joint) and Facial 
Pain Center — with the TMJ, the 
hinge between the lower jaw and 
skull, being a research focal point. 

All facial pain patients must be 
referred by a doctor and must fill 
out questionnaires on their pain 
problem before their initial visit to 
the center. According to Barbara 
Buckingham, R.N. and clinical 
coordinator for the center, the 
patient is asked to specify the 
modalities used to cope with the 
pain; provide psychometric 
data; and answer questions re- 
garding the pain's intensity at 
various times during the day; pain 
type — dull, sharp, burning, or 
throbbing; and pain location; as 
well as, pain interference with 
daily activities. 

During the initial visit to the 
center the doctor reconstructs the 
sequence of events before and 
during the pain, then examines 
the patient's head and neck, and 
requests appropriate radiographs 
or other diagnostic tests. 

There are many variables in 
dealing with a pain problem, 
since pain is subjective and can- 
not be measured. Reaction to pain 
is influenced by a person's toler- 
ance to pain and pain location. 
Additionally, a person may 
exhibit neurotic behavior with 
chronic pain, pain which lasts 
longer than six months, but not be 
affected by acute or temporary 
pain. Finally, a person's tolerance 
to pain is affected by culture and 
the sympathy, or lack of sym- 
pathy, a person receives from 

As in all chronic pain therapy, 
the patient is advised that the goal 

of the therapy is to resolve the 
pain to the point where it will not 
interfere with the patient's daily 
activities. This does not mean the 
patient is promised a pain-free 
existence, but only that the pa- 
tient will be comfortable. This is 
because the promise of complete 
pain relief is unrealistic and can 
be self-defeating for this patient. 

"The fact that the padents have 
come to the center and are doing 
something for themselves is a big 
step toward relieving the pain," 
states Buckingham. The clinical 
psychologist, Peggy DuVall, who 
works for the center agrees. 
DuVall says, "It is necessary to 
understand the psychological as- 
pects of pain, especially because 

Dr. Louis G. Menun setting up tlif bio-fffii- 
back equipment. 

placebos have a 30 to 35 percent 
cure rate; and it is hard, if not 
impossible, to separate normal 
healing from the mental proc- 
esses." Therefore, the facial pain 
center utilizes a multidisciplinary 
treatment approach, which in- 
cludes psychological evaluations 
and consultations with neurosur- 
geons, neurologists, and other 

The staff agrees that the pa- 
tient's understanding of the pain 
is a "big step toward resolving the 
problem," particularly if the pa- 
tient is assured that the problem 
is not serious. 

Pain data compiled by Dr. John 
Bonica, director of the University 
of Washington pain center, in- 
dicates that chronic pain affects 75 
million persons in the United 
States each year, with 50 million 
of these persons completely dis- 
abled. This accounts for a $57 

billion wage loss each year. Of 
these patients, approximately .7 
million persons have facial pain 
and lose $6.2 billion a year in 

Since the TMJ and Facial Pain 
Center was formed, the center has 
treated more than 300 patients 
with approximately 20% of the 
paHents having an organic reason 
for their pain. In these instances, 
therapy aimed at eliminating the 
organic problem results in com- 
plete pain relief. This therapy may 
be as simple as the restoration of a 
decayed tooth, or as complicated 
as the reconstruction of a diseased 

One-fourth of the patients faU 
into the chronic pain category. 
One such patient would be a 
person who satisfies the criteria of 
the "domino theory. " This is a 
patient whose original complaint 
was a toothache. The tooth was 
filled, a root canal was performed, 
then root surgery, and finally an 
extraction — without pain relief. 
The pain then moved to the 
adjacent tooth where a root canal, 
root surgery, and extraction were 
performed, again without pain 

Some chronic pain patients 
have had a trauma to the jaw, 
particularly the lower jaw, which 
resulted in a fracture, and this did 
not heal properly. Other patients 
include persons with ner\'e 
inflammation in the jaw, cranial 
nerve or vascular pain problems, 
or an atypical facial pain. 

The diagnosis and therapy for 
the chronic pain patient revolves 
around differential local anesthe- 
tic blocks, which pinpoint ner\'e 
problems, and it may also involve 
medications and electrical nerve 

According to Mercuri, the re- 
maining 55 percent of the patients 
can be viewed as a group, because 
there is a typical patient. This 
patient is female, between the 
ages of 18 and 45, works in a 
competitive position, and is under 
stress to ad\'ance. She is usuallv 
ambitious, efficient, and a perfec- 
tionist. She is also well dressed 
and a college graduate. In addi- 
tion, the patient is depressed. 
This patient, the Mvofascial Pain 
Dysfunchon (MPD) patient, has 
probablv been in pain for two 

Dr. James H. Butler determining tlie mobility 
of tile patient's jaw. 

years and has visited numerous 
dentists and physicians. 

"Their pain is directly related to 
the stress that these women apply 
to themselves," says DuVall, 
"and to their ability to deal with 
that stress." 

"These women absorb the 
stress and don't have a release 
mechanism. Just as some men 
have a tendency to get ulcers or 
other gastric problems when 
under stress, some women have a 
tendency to release stress through 
their jaw and neck muscles, by 
grinding or gritting their teeth, 
and overtaxing the system," says 
Mercuri. "The pain's cause may 
be difficult to determine, because 
the pain can come a day or two 
after a stressful situation, when 
the patient coped by clenching 
her teeth all night long." 

Because the jaw muscles and 
the jaw are not suited for this 
extra tension, up to 500 pounds 

A patient's TMj and facial muscles being 

Peggy DuVall and a MPD patient discussing 
lunc the patient handles stress and pain. 

per square inch, the muscles and 
the joint cannot tolerate the excess 
pressure and the jaw muscle 
spasms. This results in pain simi- 
lar to a "Charlie horse. " This 
spasm pain is usually accom- 
panied by a popping or crackling 
sound in the joint when the 
person eats or talks, due to the 
incoordinahon of the joint disk. 
As the person becomes more 
depressed from the pain, hence 
more stressed, the pain becomes 

For these patients it is most 
important that they understand, 
"they are the cause and the cure 
for their pain problem," says 
Butler. "What must happen is 
that the cycle must be broken, 
and the patients must learn to 
modify their behavior." 

The psychometric data and 
personal interviews with each 

patient are evaluated by DuVall. 
This evaluation helps her deter- 
mine how the patient handles 
stress and pain. After consultation 
with the doctors a treatment is 
developed for the patient. 

"The basic idea behind the 
therapy is to have the patient take 
control of herself instead of rely- 
ing on an expert [doctor] for the 
answers," says DuVall. The pa- 
tient must learn to identify when 
she is under stress and how to 
stop abusing her jaw muscles, 
thus eliminating the cause of the 

The treatment for some patients 
is a simple explanation of the 
problem and making sure the 
patients understand they are in 
control. These patients then de- 
velop their own coping 
mechanisms, based on their 
awareness of the cause of the 

Other patients learn jaw muscle 
coordinahon exercises. In one 
such exercise, the patient pushes 
up against her chin with her fist 
and at the same time tries to open 
her mouth. This exercise does not 
cure the pain, but helps the 
patient learn which muscles must 
be coordinated in order to avoid 
the spasms. 

Another therapeutic modality is 
biofeedback. Electrodes from an 
electronic sensing device are at- 
tached to the skin overlying the 
patient's jaw muscles. With these 
electrodes in place, the patient 
can hear an audio representation 
of the jaw muscle spasm and 
learn how to relax the tense 
muscles, thus reducing the inten- 
sity of the audio signal. 

Other modalities used are plas- 
tic bite guards which physically 
stop the grinding of the teeth, 
relaxation audio tapes, and for 
two partents acupuncture. 

Of all the patients treated by 
the TMJ and Facial Pain Center, 
approximately 70 percent feel 
completely "cured" or able to 
cope with their pain without 
additional treatment. In patient 
follow-ups, the patients felt that 
the thoroughness of the doctors, 
the friendliness of the staff, and 
"the fact that they were madeazvare 
of the cause of their problem," 
assisted them in coping with their 
facial pain problem, a 

America: An Unfinished Tapestry 

By Constance E. Ober and 
David W. Hartman 

Like the weaving of a tapestry, the American past can be understood thread by thread, hne by line as a 
continuous story that is best interpreted first hand as it unfolds. 

The ideal, of course, would be to go back to the beginning and personally experience America's history as it 
was made by sailors, housewives, soldiers, and others, so long ago. Without actually traveling back in time, 
we can still learn about that past by visiting the places where it all happened, and discovering the many stories 
people might have left behind in private diaries and letters. . . 











































The sounds from those guns and the sight of those flags being laid to rest are gone, but through an unusual 
blend of educational and cultural activities, it is possible to travel from the New World of 1607, through the 
American Revolution, the strife of the War Between the States, and into the 20th century. 

Next summer, VCU's School of Arts and Sciences, the Division of Continuing Studies and Public Ser\'ice, 
and the Alumni Activities Office will present "Heritage University, " a program for alumni and friends to 
"come back to school" for a summer vacation journey into the past. 

The stage for the journey will be set by lectures before participants actually visit sites in and around 
Richmond where America's history unfolded. VCU professors of history and literature will provide lectures 
and guide these "living" tours. 

It will be a total experience including open-air concerts, food and drink, and special interest workshops on 
such diverse subjects as Edgar Allan Poe, Middle Atlantic Ecology, and 19th century Southern architecture. 

Even persons who have lived in Richmond all their lives, or persons who feel they know their way around 
Williamsburg, Jamestown, Charlottesville, Appomattox, and the Old Dominion's capital will receive a ne\v 
perspective on those places and their past. 

During the week of June 8-14, Heritage University will provide a cultural and educational program, including 
meals, lodging, local travel, and fees. The cost is less than $200 for the week per person if staying on campus, 
and less than $150 for those who do not desire lodging. 

Enrollment in the program is limited, so it is important to register early. For a brochure on Heritage 
University contact Dr. David W. Hartman, School of Arts and Sciences, VCU, Richmond, Virginia 23284, or 
telephone (804) 257-1673. »> 


Professors Learn,Too 

As students have always known, 
professors "don't know everything"; 
yet, they do try to keep up to date in 
their area of expertise. 

In ilhistration. Dr. Thomas O. 
Hall, chairman of the philosophy and 
religions studies department, recently 
had a special kind of learning experi- 
ence, that he feels will have a 
significant effect on both his research 
and teaching abilities. 

Hall was selected as one of nineteen 
scholars to participate in a unique 
institute at the Jewish Theological 
Seminary of America in New York 
City. The seininan/ is located in an 
exciting intellectual environment 
being in the vicinity of both Columbia 
University and the Union Theological 

The institute selected each partici- 
pant (fellow) from one of the 
humanities, based on the interests 
and special expertise each person 
could contribute to the "joint intel- 
lectual and scholarly undertaking." 
The disciplines represented included 
philosophy, literature, history, relig- 
ious studies, and English. 

In the following article. Hall relates 
some insights learned from the insti- 
tute experience. 

The seminars and courses 
explored Jewish influences upon 
and contributions to our western 

The wide-ranging curriculum 
included Jewish history, rab- 
binics, Talmud, Hebrew, Bible, 
education, and philosophy. 

Most scholars and lay persons 
are acquainted with Jewish 
influences on early Christianity 
until 70 A.D. when the 
Roman legions destroyed 
Jerusalem and the Temple, the 
magnificent symbol of Jewish re- 
ligion and culture, but the tre- 
mendous post-biblical contribu- 
tion has been largely overlooked. 

Academia has erroneously 
acted as if litfle happened in 
Judaica between 100 A.D. and the 
twentieth century. 

Actually, even greater diversity 
and vitality developed in Judaism 
after the fall of Jerusalem. Unfor- 
tunately, this material has often 
been isolated from the average 
student, by being offered only in 
special courses in Judaica — "a 
scheme of intellectual 
apartheid" — not tailored to meet 
the interests and needs of a large 
student audience. One of the 
insfitute's purposes was to help 
each parficipant expand the in- 
formarion available to their stu- 
dents by means of incorporating 


knowledge of Jewish influences 
on the making of western civiliza- 
tion into various humanities 

The Talmud was of special 
interest. Unquestionably, it is one 
of the world's most remarkable 
literary productions. Over 800 
years in its formation, it develops 
and explains the "religious, moral 
and civil laws" of the Old Testa- 
ment. It is the oral law developed 
from the written law recorded in 
the Pentateuch, which is the first 
five books of the Old Testament. 
Having been completed c. 700 
A.D., it in turn is composed of two 
separate works, the Mishna and 
the Gemara, which are respec- 
tively the codification of the oral 
law and the commentary or ex- 
planation of the codification. 

The Talmud is valuable not only 
for its explication of the Old 
Testament, but as a storehouse of 
ancient knowledge, science, and 
ethical maxims. Introduction of 
my Old Testament students to the 
content and methods of the Tal- 
mud will open for them interest- 
ing new insights of biblical in- 
terpretation. They will especially 
enjoy the rabbis' attempts to 
answer many questions, which, 
sometimes surprisingly, college 
students ask, i.e.. Why was Adam 
asleep when God took his rib to 
fashion Eve? Why was Adam also 
asleep when Eve was tempted by 
the Serpent? And why do women 
wear perfume? These and sub- 
stantive questions are answered 
in the Talmud, especially the 

Also, the study of Judaeus 
Philo, c. 20B.C.— 50 A.D., a 
Jewish philosopher of Alexandria, 
Egypt, was especially rewarding. 
Although Alexandria was a Greek 
city, it had a Jewish population far 
exceeding that of Jerusalem. It 
was an extraordinary melting pot 
of nationalities, cultures, 
philosophies, and religions (soon 
to include Christianity). 

From a noble family, Philo had 
contact with both the Herodian 
court in Jerusalem and the Roman 
court and was well versed in 
classical literature, rhetoric, sci- 
ence, and various Greek schools 
of philosophy. In addition to 
being a philosopher, he was also a 
preacher to Jewish congregations, 
whose members were exposed to 

many sophisticated philosophies. 
He interpreted the Old Testament 
in light of these philosophies and 
found many of the then current 
philosophical ideas also in the Old 

One of Philo's most ingenious 
devices in discussing philosophy 
was to assert a two-storied in- 
terpretation of the scripture — 
literal and allegorical. He claimed 
that the literal interpretation was 
valid for the average person; but 
he claimed deeper truth to be 
found in the allegorical explana- 

Many of Philo's ideas, such as 
"philosophy being the hand- 
maiden of scripture," were used 
by Alexandrian Christian thinkers 
as ways to express their ideas to 
similar Greek audiences. How- 
ever, his greatest influence on 
Christianity was made through 
the eagerness with which the 
early church fathers adopted his 
allegorical method of biblical in- 

Of special fascination was the 
study of Gnosticism, a many- 
faceted religio-philosophic 
movement which flourished dur- 
ing the first and second centuries, 
A.D. The mystical system, which 
emphasized knowledge (Gr., 
gnosis, knowledge) as the way to 
salvation through individual per- 
sonal experiences with God, was 
a mixture of many elements — 
Greek, Jewish, Christian. Though 
rejected by both orthodox Judaism 
and Christianity, it had a pro- 
found effect upon each, i.e., it 
accelerated the development of 
both Jewish and Christian mysti- 

Its use and misuse of Jewish- 
Christian terms and concepts and 
its production of a large number 
of apocryphal gospels forced the 
church to react by setting up 
normative standards such as the 
New Testament Canon and the 
predecessor to the Apostles' 
Creed. Being an extreme dualistic 
system with a strong contempt for 
material possessions, the move- 
ment fueled asceticism which was 
soon to develop into Christian 
Monasticism. Having divided 
mankind into those who were 
sure of salvation and those not so 
fortunate, the movement had a 

profound influence on the de- 
velopment of the church doctrine 
of predestination. 

Academically, the most re- 
warding study in the six-week 
experience was an in-depth 
analysis of the philosopher, 
Moses Maimonides (1135-1204 
A.D.), the most significant 
medieval Jewish thinker. 
Maimonides flourished in an Is- 
lamic Arabic culture which ap- 
preciated philosophy and the sci- 
ences and encouraged Jewish 
leadership and scholarship. 

Because of his clarity, brilliance, 
and comprehensiveness, he set 
the course of Jewish philosophy 
and continued to have great 
influence even in the modern 
period. He likewise contributed to 
Christian thinkers of the middle 
ages and through Thomistic 
philosophy continued that stream 
of influence. St. Thomas Aquinas 
has been applauded and studied 
for his logical proofs for the 
existence of God. Maimonides 
anticipated these to such a re- 
markable degree that in the his- 
tory of philosophy I shall assign 
his proofs rather than Aquinas'! 

As a prerequisite to participat- 
ing in the institute, fellows were 
obligated to incorporate into their 
classes material discussed during 
the seminars. Because of the 
depth of the experience, this will 
be an easy and exciting task, and I 
believe extremely beneficial to 
students. In addition, my own 
research has profited from the 

Time to think and study, unin- 
terrupted by academic or adminis- 
trative duties is a most refreshing 
and stimulating experience so 
often not possible in today's 
university. While the institute was 
only six weeks in duration, little 
more than one-third of a regular 
semester's length, its benefits are 
readily apparent in both my 
teaching and my research. 

If universities are going to be 
able to continue their academic 
excellence and leadership in 
teaching and research, more op- 
portunities for experiences such 
as mine need to be made avail- 
able. As the rabbis at the institute 
so aptly reminded us "study is a 
central pillar of Judaism" and 
"learning the highest worship. "S 


Applied Theatre 

Laura Hare is a "mirror" for a youth in tlic drama class at Central State Hospntai 

"There is a little actor in all of 
us, and since I've always wanted 
to [act]. I want a big role," said 
one of the senior citizens involved 
in theatre arts for the elderly. 

Another senior said about her 
drama class, "We're a wild 

Both of the seniors are par- 
ticipating in "applied theatre." 
This art form has taken theatre off 
the stage and put it in nontradi- 
tional settings. Persons living in 
hospitals, nursing homes, correc- 

tional institutions, and rehabilita- 
tion centers become involved in 
this "new" theatre and concen- 
trate on performing stories based 
on their own lives. 

Applied theatre projects were 
started in the Theatre Department 
more than three years ago. The 
department now has a theatre 
class for older persons, four 
community based senior citizen 
projects, and a course on theatre 
in nontraditional settings for 
drama students. 

But the acceptance of older and 
handicapped persons as artists 
has been slow within the theatre 
profession. Just recentlv the move 
toward this acceptance has taken 
on a new dimension with the 
formation of the National Arts 
and the Handicapped Information 
Service as an umbrella agencv to 
disseminate information on or- 
ganized art activities for the el- 
derly and handicapped. 

Ms. Patricia "Patch" Clark re- 


ceived the inspiration for having 
older, handicapped, and incarcer- 
ated persons in theatre in 1969, 
when she was involved in par- 
ticipatory theatre for Vietnam vet- 
erans at Walter Reed Hospital in 
Bethesda, Maryland. "Through 
touring programs and participa- 
tory theatre, hospitalized patients 
were able to rediscover creative 
expression, which added to their 
restrengthening and support of 
positive self-concepts," says 

"The applied theatre program 
has been well received as a 
therapeutic mechanism for seniors 
and others, to improve their social 
relationships, but I don't view the 
focus of the work as being 
therapeutic," Clark says. 

Clark uses the nontraditional 
student to develop new art, and 
the development of these persons 
as artists is what she expects. 

In fact, what began more than a 
year ago as a group of elderly 

students trying to overcome stage 
fright has turned into a group of 
working artists. "Now, they're 
old troopers," says Clark about 
her "Theatre Arts for Older 
Americans" class. These older 
students have proved their 
capabilities by performing in a 
film on patient dignity for MCVH. 
This year the theatre class will 
again work on a film. This time 
they will perform for the geron- 





Pflfc/i C/flrfc begins a children's story about the "cap" man. 

tology department in a film about 
the aging parent and the middle- 
aged child. 

Other nontraditional students 
have also worked "profession- 
ally." Last year the inmates at 
Powhatan correctional center 
wrote, directed, and performed in 
a training film for teachers begin- 
ning to work for the prison 

One of Clark's favorite projects 
for her students is based on the 

In order for the Central Stale adole 
"Freeze, "and stops the action. 

Works Progress Administration's 
(WPA) Living Newspaper, which 
performed theatre productions on 
social problems or other docu- 
mentable subjects. Currently, the 
senior citizens at Westminster- 
Canterbury retirement resident 
home are working on a living 
history of Richmond through 
vignettes. The seniors eventually 
hope to tour Richmond, visiting 
hospitals, schools, and residents 
for the elderly with their docu- 
mented stories about Richmond. 

ents to become more aware ot their bodies. Sara Tarsovich uells, 

One story, now in draft form, 
documents the ghost at the 
Governor's Mansion. 

Other stories are personalized 
history, "the elderly have incredi- 
bly interesting stories . . . the first 
time they drove a car, the depres- 
sion years, weighing the mean- 
ing of dignity — moments they 
want to share," savs Clark. And 
share they do. 

The students, age 65 to 91, 


Seniors from Westminster Canterbury retirement home improvising people at the bus station. 

share not only with their peers, 
but also with youth, particularly 
young children. The actors love to 
perform children's stories with 
children participating in the ac- 
tion. Additionally, the seniors 
record "talking books" for use in 
elementary schools. These books 
involve both the recording of the 
story with sound effects and the 
drawing of accompanying visu- 

One of the senior citizen drama 
groups is beginning to function as 
an "in-house" theatre group, and 
Clark would like to have the 
seniors take over the group's 
operation. This would allow her 
more time to become involved in 
taking theatre arts into rehabilita- 
tion centers, hospitals, prisons, 
and other institutions. 

This year Clark's applied 
theatre students will be working 

at Central State Hospital in 
Petersburg and at the state 
penitentiary in Richmond. The 
goal of the class is to develop 
talent and the accompanying art 
within both institutions. 

The adolescent unit at Central 
State will be used for a pilot 
project in theatre arts for the 
emotionally disturbed. These 
youths, in turn, will then share 


Patch Clark and a youngster become "horses" 
and pull a boat down the James River. 

Mrs. Martlia Smith-Smith reading her Living Newspaper draft about the ghost in the Governor's Mansion. 

their skills with others in the 
institution. Clark and her VCU 
students are working toward the 
development of design, play- 
writing, and acting skills in two 
groups of youth. "These youths 
have a unique talent for design 
and creative expression through 
movement," says Clark." One goal 
of the project is to "find out why 
the arts work so well with these 
youth. One reason may be that 

the youth focus on the project and 
don't view it as therapy." 

At the Spring Street peniten- 
tiary in Richmond, communica- 
tion skills, theatre movement, 
playwriting, and acting are being 
explored. The projects being de- 
veloped, Clark hopes, will open 
up "the world of books" to the 
inmates. "Being in prison allows 
the inmate time to become self- 

educated, to study people, and to 
make contributions, such as 
working with young delinquents. 
Theatre can help open up these 
opportunities," savs Clark. 

It is Clark's belief that art is an 
experience not only to be enjoyed 
by a few, but to be enjoved by an 
entire communitv. "Theatre can 
express that living is, in itself, a 
creative and exciting process," 
says Clark. Her students agree. O 


Did \bu Know... 

Public Bath House 
Incorporated in Dorm 

An existing landmark, a turn- 
of-the-century public bath house, 
was incorporated in the Main 
Street facade of VCU's new, five- 
story apartment-style dormitory. 
Richmond architect Will Scribner 
of Glave, Newman, Anderson, 

and Associates says, "The exterior 
of the building is a reserved, red 
brick facade that lets the old bath 
house dominate." 

The air-conditioned dormitory 
features 21 flats and 67 
townhouse-style apartments, each 
with a living room, kitchen, one 
or one and one-half baths, and 
two or three bedrooms. Also, 
several apartments are designed 

for handicapped students. 

"Students take one look, then 
fall in love with the new build- 
ing," says housing administrator 
Bernard Mann. 

The building forms a central 
courtyard which quells street 
noises and provides strong se- 
curity. "There isn't a place in this 
courtyard that can't be seen from 
most of the apartments," said the 
architect. The courtyard is heavily 
landscaped, with trees and 
grassy, rolling mounds providing 
space for gatherings and recrea- 

Scribner states, "The success of 

The turn-of-the-century bathhouse facade of the neiu dormitory. 


The cotirtiiard of the neio dormitory - 

the building lies in the process we 
used to plan it." Students, ar- 
chitects, university housing ad- 
ministrators, campus security per- 
sonnel, maintenance adminis- 
trators, engineers and physi- 
cal plant representatives met to 
articulate needs and plan the 
building. As a result, this dormi- 
tory emerged as the preferred style 
of students and administrators. 

"It also is good economically for 
both the students and the univer- 
sity," says Mann. "It is less 
expensive than an off-campus 
apartment and it is cost effective 
because of its flexibility." 

A Good Start 

The developmental progress of 
infants born to teenage mothers 
has been significantly improved 
by MCV nursing research 
specialists who gave the teenagers 
a few tips on how to be good 

Several studies of children 
whose mothers were teenagers at 
birth have shown the offspring to 
have a lower I.Q., troubles with 
learning, reading difficulty, be- 
havioral problems and lesser 
height and weight when com- 
pared to national averages for all 

"We're dealing with children 
who are bearing children," said 
study co-director Bernadine A. 
Clarke, assistant professor in the 
MCV School of Nursing. Mothers 
in the study are between 14 and 
17 years old and their children 
now average 20 months of age. 


At the birth of the babies the 
nurse specialists talked with the 
mothers. "These young parents 
are still learning about them- 
selves, so we help them to learn 
about their babies," said Clarke. 

The simple observations that 
were relayed to 14 of the mothers in 
the project seem obvious. "They 
were apparently important to the 
mothers because their children 
were statistically at a higher level 
of development at one month of 
age than were the children of 17 
mothers in the control group," 
she said. 

Within three days following the 
baby's birth, Clarke and project 
co-director Ester Tesh had shown 
the mothers how to awaken and 
talk with the baby, and how to 
console it. They demonstrated the 
cuddliness of the baby, gave the 
mothers a mobile designed to 
visually stimulate the baby, and 
introduced the mothers to their 
children's early abilities to re- 
spond to visual and audible 

When the children were a 
month old, the nurses again 
talked with the mothers to tell 
them what to expect from the 
child during the next three 

Later, a third meeting was held, 
four months after birth, to deal 
with what the mothers could 
expect as the child learned to 
move around. 

The project was conducted as 
part of a 6-year, $338,000 nursing 
research development grant given 
to the MCV School of Nursing in 
1974 by the U.S. Public Health 
Service Division of Nursing. 

.^-<^-c>.c> /! 

j^_Ji>0 , 

... Or in English, 
"Welcome to VCU" 

If you are not fluent in Arabic, 
the caption above may appear a 
bit strange, but the English trans- 
lation is equally "strange" to a 
group of students in Community 
Services — fifteen Saudi Arabian 
police officials. 

Saudi Arabia's progress, made 
possible by the sale of its oil, has 
created a traffic problem. The 
number of accidents has grown 
steadily, with the problems in- 

cluding long distance driving and 
animals stepping into the path of 

The Saudi government, in order 
to solve its traffic problems, sought 
help in the United States. "The 
Saudi Arabian Educational Mis- 
sion approached us in March," 
says James D. Stinchcomb, chair- 
man of the administration of 
justice and public safety depart- 
ment, "and asked us to submit a 
proposal. By then they had al- 
ready reviewed transportation 
safety centers around the country 
and, based on the criteria they 
used, VCU was number one on 
their checklist." 

VCU, one of twelve transporta- 
tion safety centers in the country, 
then entered into a series of 
intense negotiations with the Mis- 
sion. In June, the Saudis awarded 
a $350,000 contract to the De- 
partment of Administration of 
Justice and Public Safety. 

Phillip Ash, former police chief 
of Portsmouth and a faculty 
member, is the director for the 
project. He explains that the 
students, who hold ranks ranging 
from major to lieutenant, are 
preparing for the ten month 
concentrated study in traffic 
control /safety training by first 
undergoing an eight-month study 
of English. The students will then 
begin traffic control work, much 
like their counterparts in the 
Transportation Safety Training 
Center. They will study transpor- 
tation systems, accident investiga- 
tions, police traffic records, 
emergency medical care, data 
analysis, and safety programs for 
children. Additionally, they will 
study the licensing of drivers and 
vehicles, radar speed control, and 
high speed driving. 

After the training, the students 
will return to their countr)^ Ash 
says, and apply the traffic control 
techniques they learned at VCU. 


"I've never had an evening 
gown that I could get in and out 
of by myself," says Miss Wheel- 
chair Virginia, Birdie Jo Minor. 

As winner of the contest. Miss 
Minor was awarded a dress, 
which she calls her first "accessi- 
ble dress, "for the national com- 
petition. The dress, paid for by 
the student chapter of the Na- 

Nana/ HoUoman checking dress details with Miss Wheelchair Virginia, Birdie ]o Minor 

tional Rehabilitation Counseling 
Association, was nnade by Nancy 
Holloman, assistant professor in 
fashion design, who specializes in 
clothes for the handicapped. 

In designing the dress, Hollo- 
man considered that the winner 
will be sitting while showing the 
garment and the wearer has lim- 
ited use of her limbs. 

The new gown zips down the 
side, has cuffs that stick together 
with velcro instead of buttons, 
and snug shoulders which stay in 
place without pins. 

Generally, clothes are designed 
with the standing posture in 
mind, Holloman explains, but a 
dress for a person in a wheelchair 
requires alterations to achieve the 
same fashionable effect. 

The dress, for example, is made 
with nothing bulky or blousy 
around the waist, to prevent the 
dress from gathering around the 
waist of the wearer. 

Miss Minor's dress has a snug, 
round neckline with a slight 
ruffle, shearing on the shoulders, 

and decoration on the front where 
it will be visible. 

Holloman began working with 
the handicapped five years ago 
when she received funds from the 
university to stage a fashion show 
for the physically disabled. 

She is now the recipient of a 
grant from the National Endow- 
ment for the Arts to draw special 
sewing patterns and assemble a 
booklet to help persons sew for 
the handicapped. 

Internal Control 

James R. Johnson has been 
appointed the director of internal 
auditing by the VCU Board of 

Johnson directs eight auditors 
and accountants, who test and 
review the financial controls at the 
university and who have auditing 
responsibility for the $174 million 
annual budget. 

According to Johnson, who 
previously worked as a certified 
public accountant with the 

Richmond office of Coopers and 
Lybrand, "Our main responsibil- 
ity will be to check to see if the 
financial system has adequate 
internal controls. In addition, we 
will look into the operational 
practices at both campuses and 
make recommendations on how 
to improve efficiency." 

Artists Make News 

The first issue of the "Virginia 
Arts Exchange, "a new monthly 
newsletter for artists and arts 
administrators throughout the 
state, has been published by the 
School of the Arts. 

According to Donald Silver- 
man, editor, the newsletter helps 
fill an arts information gap that 
exists in Virginia. "We're not 
convinced that everyone in the 
professional arts knows about 
each other," he says. Silverman 
hopes that the newsletter will 
generate new arts activity in 
Virginia as it strengthens com- 
munication between arts profes- 

In addition to carrying news 
about the state's arts activities, the 
newsletter also features national 
information of importance to Vir- 
ginians. Included are deadlines 
and profiles of national funding 
organizations; national informa- 
tion on jobs, conferences and 
seminars; feature stories, books 
and periodicals of interest to art 
professionals, and schedules of 
touring plays and exhibits. 

A free issue of the subscription 
newsletter is available for review 
by writing VCU's School of the 
Arts, Richmond, Virginia 23284, or 
by telephoning 257-1711. 

1978-79 Annual Fund 

In preparing the 1978-79 An- 
nual Fund Roll of Donors, which 
appeared in the fall 1979 issue of 
the magazine, the following 
names were inadvertently omit- 

Mrs. Mildred M. Butier 
Dr. James N. Williams 
Ms. Janet L. Williams 
Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey S. Williams 
Mrs. Lucille R. Williams 
Dr. Marvin T. Williams 


Dr. Robert K. Williams 

Mr. David G. Williamson, Jr. 

Mrs. Linda W. Willingham 

Miss Georgiana C. Willis 

Mr. H. David Willis 

Mr. Harold T. Willis 

Ms. Mary A. Willson 

Mrs. Lucee P. Wilson 

Mr. Mark A. Wilson 

Dr. Richard I. Wilson 

Dr. Robert A. Wilson 

Mr. E. Carlton Wilton 

Mr. John R. Wine 

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley T.Winfield, Jr. 

Dr. F. Quinby Wingfield, Jr. 

Mr. Gregory H. Wingfield 

Miss Betty L. Wingo 

Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Winn 

Mr. F. Bliss Winn, Jr. 

Ms. Jacqueline S. Winn 

Dr. MarkB. Winnick 

Miss Betty M. Winston 

Mr. Gregory A. Winston 

Ms. Joan E. Winter 

"May I Help You?" 

Nancy Plott Williams has ac- 
cepted the position of assistant to 
the director of alumni activities. 
She will be responsible for alumni 
services and will work with 
alumni in executing planned ac- 
tivities and meetings. 

Before joining the staff in 
alumni activities, Ms. Williams 
worked at the MCV Cancer Re- 
habilitation and Continuing Care 
Program. Locally, she has also 
been employed at Project Jump 
Street, Inc. and as a writer for 
Cabell Eanes Advertising, Inc. 

"Nancy Williams has broad 
knowledge of both campuses of 
the university and possesses an 
enthusiasm for VCU and its 
alumni which corinbine to make 
her a welcomed addition to the 
alumni activities staff," says Mr. 
James L. Dunn, director of alumni 

Ms. Williams earned a B.A. in 
English in 1975 and an M.S. in 
rehabilitation counseling in 1979, 
both from VCU. 

Don't Spend Your Evenings 

The spring semester of the 
evening college is "just around 
the corner/'and advanced mail 
registrations are being accepted 
now through December 19. Regis- 
tration for these spring courses 

has also been scheduled at 
the Mosque Ballroom on Tuesday 
and Wednesday, January 8 and 9 
from 3:00-8:00 p.m. 

Governor Appoints Four 

Governor John N. Dalton has 
appointed Dr. Thomas E. Butt of 
Wytheville, and Mr. Daniel T. 
Balfour, Mrs. Fitzgerald Bemiss, 
and Mr. Jack H. Wyatt, all of 
Richmond, to the VCU Board of 

They replace Mr. Virginius 
Dabney, Mr. G. William Norris, 
Mr. S. Buford Scott, and Mrs. 
Robert M. Stone, Jr. 

Two of the new board members 
are VCU graduates, Dr. Butt, who 
received his D.D.S. from MCV, 
and Mrs. Bemiss, who has a B.S. 
in sociology and anthropology. 

Request to the Legislature 

The Governor and his executive 
management team have adopted 
new procedures pertaining to the 
current VCU biennium budget 
request. The Governor and his 
staff estimate revenues and assign 
a target budget for the agencies of 
government, including the institu- 
tions of higher education. The 
agencies are expected to live 
within the target, but may file 
addenda if the proposed target, in 
the agency's judgment, does not 
meet the requirements of the 
agency. For VCU the target for 
1980-81, the first year of the 
biennium, is $80,324,500, and for 
the second year it is $85,847,200. 
The university has filed an ad- 
denda in the amount of $3,352,800 
for 1980-81 and $3,382,400 in 
1981-82 to cover those needs that 
are deemed essential over and 
above the target. 

Additionally, the State Council 
of Higher Education has identified 
several state-wide issues, and the 
council has requested that these 
issues be addressed in an 
amended addenda. These items 
include an increase for faculty 
salaries and adjustments to the 
library budget. Both the council 
and VCU are requesting funds to 
provide a 9 percent increase 
rather than the 7 percent increase 
which was in the Governor's 

recommendation for faculty 
salaries, this will bring us closer to 
the national average and to our 
peer group in Virginia. The 
amended addenda we have filed 
requests an additional $1,660,100 
for 1980-81 and $2,183,600 for 

The university's total requests, 
including all addenda, for 1980-81 
are $85,337,400 and 1981-82 are 
$91,413,200 as compared to our 
appropriation for 1978-79 of 
$68,363,520 and 1979-80 of 

Additionally, the major capital 
outlay request from the General 
Fund is a $10,000,000 request for a 
pharmacy /pharmacology building, 
with the total cost of the building 
estimated at $12,000,000. This is 
the number one priority of the 
university and represents a major 
change in planning. This change 
was necessitated by the escalating 
costs of the Health Sciences 
Building which, because of many 
delays, had reached the point 
where it would no longer be a 
feasible project. The exact amount 
of funds needed for the building 
has not been determined, but an 
effort will be made to raise 
private funds for the building's 

Repair and renovation monies 
for laboratories, the Pollak BuOd- 
ing. Founder's Hall, Tompkins- 
McCaw Library, and the Raleigh 
Building are the other major 
capital outlay items in the budget. 
Planning funds are being re- 
quested in the amount of 
$1,000,000 for energy conser\'a- 
tion, with additional planning 
funds requested for a general 
purpose laboratory, for classroom 
and faculty office buildings, an 
arts laboratory building, and a 
bio-hazard research facility. 

The revenue bond proposal 
includes requests for authoriza- 
tion to build parking decks on the 
MCV Campus and the phase III 
construction on the MCV gym- 
nasium, which will include rac- 
quet ball courts, exercise rooms, 
and intramural facilities. 

President Ackell and members 
of his staff have been meeting 
with members of the General 
Assembly who are members of 
the House Appropriations Com- 
mittee, House Education Commit- 
tee, Senate Finance Committee, 
and the Senate Education and 


Health Committee to explain 
some of the basic problems VCU 
has as an emerging instituhon in 
an urban area. 

The State Council of Higher 
Education operating budget rec- 
ommendadon for Virginia's state 
aided institutions of higher educa- 
tion noted that full-time equiva- 
lent student enrollment is proj- 
ected to increase by 2.3 percent in 
the next biennium. When this 
increase in students is taken into 
account, the requested general 
fund support is about 8 percent 
per year over the 1979-80 appro- 

For VCU, the council recom- 
mendation could mean a 21.5 
percent increase in general funds 
over 1978-80 and an appropriation 
of $123,402,858. 

McFee Honored 

The VCU Alumni Association 
(Academic Division) Board of Di- 
rectors adopted a resolution hon- 
oring Charles B. McFee, Jr. for his 
many contributions to the univer- 

McFee was a member of the 
Alumni Association's Board of 
Directors from 1969 until his 
death in September 1979. He 
served the board as its vice- 
president from 1971 to 1972 and 
as its president from 1971 through 

He was appointed by the Rector 
of the Board of Visitors to serve 
VCU as a member of two 
presidential search assistance 

Additionally, he had received 
the VCU Service Award for his 
years as an instructor of advertis- 
ing on the adjunct faculty. 

McFee was a member of the 
Virginia Chamber of Commerce 
and the Robert E. Lee Council of 
the Boy Scouts of America. Also, 
he served as president of the 
Adult Education Association of 
Virginia, secretary of the 
Richmond Rotary Club, president 
of the Richmond Public Relations 
Association, and was a 32nd 
degree Mason. 

He served as the manager- 
director of the Virginia Retail 
Merchants Association from 1946 
to 1953, then served as executive 
vice-president and general man- 
ager of the Automotive Trade 
Association for 18 years until his 
retirement in 1971. 

Extra! Extra! Read All 
About It! 

The #1 ranked college news- 
paper in Virginia is now available 
by subscription. VCU's student 
operated newspaper, the Common- 
ivealth Times, is being offered to 
alumni and friends of the univer- 
sity at an introductory rate of 
$2.50 for a six-month subscription. 

The newspaper, voted #1 in 
Virginia for overall excellence by 
the Virginia Intercollegiate Mass 
Communications AssociaHon for 
the last three years, will be mailed 
to subscribers "hot off the press" 
during each week of the school 

The "CT", as the Commonwealth 
Times is affectionately known, has 
in-depth reports on events, 
changes, and new developments 
at VCU. Last year, the paper pro- 
vided a close look at the destruc- 
tion of the Temple building and 
the winning Rams season. It 
also provided the first in-depth 
interview with VCU's president, 
Edmund F. Ackell. 

Additionally, reporters cover 
the Virginia Assembly and the 
Richmond City Council to keep 
faculty, staff, and students "on 
top of the news" which affects the 

For this winning newspaper, 
write Alan Schlemmer, Common- 
loeaUh Times, 916 W. Franklin 
Street, Richmond, Virginia 23284, 
or telephone 257-1058. 


A grant to halt recurrence of 

acute lymphocytic leukemia has 
been received from the American 
Cancer Society. The grant of 
$95,830 will be used to detect 
recurrence of the disease in pa- 
tients who have undergone 

Dr. Saul Yanovich, assistant 
professor of medical oncology and 
director of the research program, 
noted that approximately 60 per- 
cent of the patients now survive 
five years or more, and many are 
considered cured. But he also 
stressed that acute lymphocytic 
leukemia can reappear during or 
after the therapy, because of the 

development of a drug resistance 
by the leukemic cells. 

"A major goal in our study is to 
predict, at an early stage of the 
process, which patient is going to 
develop recurrence of the dis- 
ease," said Yanovich, "allowing 
for a change in therapy and 
control of the disease once again." 

Three music students were 
winners in the 1979 Concert 
Competition of the Virginia Music 
Teachers Association at Chris- 
topher Newport College in New- 
port News. 

Bruce Gardner of Richmond 
and Peter Orgain of Alberta tied 
for first in the keyboard category, 
and Thomas Piercy of Winchester 
won the woodwind competition. 

The winners received cash 
awards and the opportunity to 
appear in concert with Virginia 

The School of Social Work has 

been awarded a $1 million, five 
year grant from the Department 
of Health, Education and Welfare 
to train child welfare workers to 
more effectively serve troubled 

With the funds, a child welfare 
training center will be established 
to cover a region that includes 
Virginia, West Virginia, Mary- 
land, Pennsylvania, Delaware, 
and Washington, D.C. 

The goal of the program is to 
train present and future child 
welfare workers to prevent the 
separation of children and their 
families, says Elaine Z. Rothen- 
berg, dean of the School of Social 
Work. But when separation is 
necessary, she hopes the workers 
will be able to develop plans to 
allow children to return home, or 
provide quality services for adop- 
tion and foster care. 

Dr. Elmer S. Bear, chairman of 
the department of oral and 
maxillofacial surgery, was elected 
president of the Southeastern So- 
ciety of Oral Surgeons. 

"Romeo and Juliet, an orch- 
estral composition by Dr. Jack 
Jarrett, associate professor of 
music, was performed by the 


Richmond Symphony. He was 
also a guest composer and con- 
ductor at the University of Florida, 
where his choral compositions 
were performed. 

Ms. Barbara H. Dunn, assistant 
professor of maternal child nurs- 
ing, was elected executive director 

of the National Association of 
Pediatric Nurse Associates and 

It's a First, In a First 

"We are the newcomers in the 
conference and the first team to 
represent our school in a Sun Belt 
conference tournament," said 
Robert E. Pape, coach of the 
women's volleyball team, "and 
we won all six games to win the 
tournament championship." 

The women's volleyball team 
won the Sun Belt Conference 
Invitational Volleyball Champion- 
ship in Jacksonville, Florida by 
winning all their games. The 
opponents for the championship 
were the University of Jackson- 
ville, New Orleans, North 
Carolina at Charlotte, South 
Florida, the University of 
Alabama at Birmingham, and the 
University of South Alabama at 

"The tournament was indepen- 
dent of the regular volleyball 
season, but winning the tourna- 
ment gives the team an edge, the 
confidence to perform well for the 
rest of the season. They know 
they can win," said Pape. 

Women's volleyball has been 
strong at VCU for the last few 
years with the women winning 
the state championship for the 
last four years. 

According to Pape, the strength 
of the team lies not just in the 
physical skills of the game, but in 
the attitude of the team members 
toward the sport and toward each 

The team is strong in the 
fundamentals of the game — 
passing, hitting, setting up, and 
serving. Members have also 
learned to identify weak spots in 
the opponent's team and then 
"hit that vulnerable spot. " One 
strategy that worked often in the 
Sun Belt tournament was the 

Nancy Cary, captain of the volleyball team, places the ball out of the opponent's reach. 

placement of a volleyball serve 
into one of the back corners of the 
opponent's court. 

Because the women's volleyball 
team has been so strong during 
the past years it now has a good 
reputation, partly because the 
VCU women attempt to play the 
strongest teams in the area. The 
team plans to uphold its reputa- 
tion again this year, with Pape 
predicting the women would win 
the state championship and per- 
form well in the regional contests. 

The game of women's volleyball 
is "just getting started, " according 
to the coach, and he hopes to 
keep the team up to the standards 
set during the past few years. But 
Coach Pape stated there will be 
some major changes "in the na- 
ture of the goals of the game" 
during the coming seasons. He 
stated these changes will take 
place, because it is now possible 
to offer scholarships for women's 
volleyball, and he predicted that 
the larger schools, with more 
money for athletics, will use their 

.Pt ; 


:« t 

Rosemani Riisso acts fast to keep the volleyball 
m play during a game xcith the University of 


resources to attract the best 
female athletes, thereby, leaving 
other schools with little oppor- 
tunity to compete. 

Coach Pape summed up his 
feelings about the sport and the 
team when he said, "It's a quick 
game that requires quick reac- 
tions and the use of strategy to 
win. It also demands the best 
personal effort of the players; 
everything they can muster, and 
it becomes a personal test and a 
challenge for the players." 

Encore, Encore! 

Remember last year, one of the 
most exciting basketball seasons 
in the university's history. This 
season should prove even more 
exciting with VCU entering its 
first year as a member of the Sun 
Belt Conference. According to the 
basketball coach, J. D. Barnett, 
"VCU has joined the up and 
coming basketball conference in 
the United States." 

The Rams will have to work 
hard to win games in this confer- 
ence, it is an excellent league, 
with two teams last year making it 
to the NCAA playoffs. 

The coaches have analyzed the 
strategies of our opponents, and 
they have "graded" the perform- 
ances of last year's Rams. The 
players are also being analyzed in 
their 34 practice sessions and in 
the six scrimmages. This analysis 
is to determine both their skills as 
individuals and as team players. 
"Good practice attitudes and 
positive attitudes toward win- 
ning" are being developed in the 
training sessions. "The players 
must know that they are the best, 
and they must remember that the 
goal of every game is to win," 
says Barnett. 

He plans to make the VCU 
team the best in the conference by 
strengthening the Rams defense, 
full, and one-half court strategies 
and by developing new plays for 
out-of-bounds, passing, and jump 
ball situations. 

VCU is lucky this year, because 
four of the 1978-79 starters are 
returning to the court — Edmund 
Sherrod, Penny Elliott, Danny 
Kottak, and Monty Knight. As 
previous Ram starters, they form 
a solid nucleus for this year's 

Whatever Happened To... 

If you take a new job, get a 
promotion, earn another degree, re- 
ceive an honor, or decide to retire, 
share the news with us, and we will 
pass it along to your classmates via 

the "Whata'er Happened to . . ." 
secff'on. Please address newsivorthy 
items to Editor, VCU MAGAZINE, 
' Virginia Commonwealth University, 
Richmond, Virginia 23284. 

Eugene White eonsulting with a patient. 

An Original in Berryville 

The corner drug store has be- 
come an American institution. It 
is a place to buy lightbulbs, 
browse through the magazine 
rack, pick out a birthday card, and 
occasionally have a prescription 
filled. But Eugene V. White 
(pharmacy 1950) believes these 
drug stores should be changed. 
He believes "the pharmacist 
should disassociate himself from 
these commercial enterprises and 
begin family pharmacy practices." 

White decided there was a need 
for change over 20 years ago, 
while working at a corner drug 
store. "I had an elderly customer 
who wanted a camera. At the 
same time, a young woman came 
in with a child who was obviously 
very ill. I couldn't leave my 
customer to help the woman and 
her child," White recalls. "I ques- 
tioned what I was doing selling a 
camera, when there was a patient 
who needed help. The commer- 
cial aspect of the store struck me 
full force." 

In 1957, White purchased a 
drug store in Berryville, Virginia. 

Little by little, he began to elimi- 
nate the commercial aspects of the 
drug store. First, the magazines 
disappeared, then the gifts, next 
the sandwiches, and finally the 
Greyhound bus agency, which 
had been in that location 24 years. 
During a ten-day period in 
November 1960, he completed the 
transformation and his small town 
drug store became a pharmacy 
office. A small sign was hung. It 
read, "Eugene V. White, Pharma- 

White clearly remembers prob- 
lems associated with the change. 
"The hardest thing for the town 
folks to accept was the loss of 
their favorite place to eat 
sandwiches. The concept of a 
pharmacy office was revolution- 
ary, and a reporter from the 
Washington Star came down to do 
a story. Town folk were asked 
what they thought; most folks 
agreed with the change, but a few 
called me 'the village idiot'." 

White prevailed. The first office 
practice of pharmacy in the 
United States, and the prototype 
for the "Pharmaceutical Center" 


The lounge and dispwnsary areas of White's pharmacy 

exhibited at the 1965 American 
Pharmaceutical Association An- 
nual Meeting, was born. 

White's office, without shelves or 
displays of merchandise, required 
a re-education of the Clarke 
County population. "Some 
people could not understand the 
new concept," White says, "and 
tourists in particular didn't know 
what the office was." White stres- 
ses that, "Unril pharmacy offices 
are as common as physicians' and 
dentists' offices, an identification 
problem will persist." Yet his 
22-year old typist, reared in Berry- 
ville, has no recollection of the 
drug store, and it was years 
before she realized that the office 
practice of pharmacy was not 

His office includes both a pa- 
tient consultation room and a 
prescription dispensary. It has a 
dignified, professional look, and 
conveys an "I care" attitude. The 
front counter, which separates the 
patient lounge from the dispen- 
sary, still remains, not because it 
belongs there, but because "it 
enabled the public to adjust to 
something radically new by 
keeping something they felt com- 
fortable with," explains White. 

The emphasis of the concept is 
on having a "family pharmacist, " 
someone to monitor an indi- 
vidual's or family's drug therapy, 
which may be prescribed by sev- 
eral different physicians. This is 


achieved by the use of a patient 
medication profile record. White, 
by using the record, keeps track 
of a patient's medicarion history 
and at times reveals inappropriate 

prescribing or a potential drug 
interaction. White informs the 
paHent's physician of the poten- 
tial interaction, and an alternate 
medicarion is prescribed. White 
then consults with the parient 
regarding the prescriprion's side 
effects, precautions, restrictions, 
and proper administration. 

"With the proliferation of po- 
tent drugs in this new age of 
chemotherapy," White says, "it is 
difficult for even a pharmacist to 
keep up with all the changes, let 
alone a doctor. The pharmacist 
can fill a void in the health care 
system — the lack of a specialist in 
pharmacotherapy. He can practice 
on a level that greatly benefits the 
patient and provides the busy 
physician with more time for 
functions that only he can per- 

White believes that the com- 
munity pharmacist "must be re- 
moved from the commercial drug 
store" and become a partner on 

the health care team. He believes 
the pharmacist must maintain an 
office, with office hours, and 
consult with patients on their 
medications. Since patients must 
continue to have access to 
prescription drugs, White 
suggests the use of technicians, 
with two years of training, to 
dispense the medications. 

He realizes that the professional 
pharmacy office concept has been 
slow to grow, but White says it 
will evolve from a "radical inno- 
vation" to an accepted standard of 
pharmacy practice. "This new- role 
helps to transform the family 
pharmacist into a vital and re- 
sponsive member of the health 
care team," White emphasizes, 
"and it provides him with added 
opportunities to exercise his pro- 
fessional judgement to improve 
the quality of health care." 

The "Eugene V. White, Phar- 
macist" sign still hangs, nearly 19 
years after the office practice of 
pharmacy was started. White be- 
lieves his community's acceptance 
of his practice proves that phar- 
macists can have full-time, private, 
patient-oriented pharmacies and 
earn an adequate income. 

The concept of the office prac- 
tice of pharmacy can be spread. 
White believes, by informing 
pharmacy students of this option. 
Toward this goal he joined the 
faculty of the School of Pharmacy 
in 1971 as a practitioner-teacher in 
clinical pharmacy in the commu- 
nity pharmacy student clerkship 
program. He also believes that 
pharmacy schools should provide 
a Doctor of Pharmacy degree. The 
degree would include two years 
of general education and basic 
science training and four years of 
concentrated study. This degree 
would provide the phar- 
macotherapy specialist with 
training equivalent to other health 
care professionals. 

White's pharmacist colleagues 
have continually recognized his 
pioneering efforts on behalf of the 
profession, and in 1979, White 
became the 52nd recipient of the 
Remington Honor Medal, phar- 
macy's highest award. 

Dr. Arthur G. Zupko, secretary 
of the Remington Honor Medal 
Award Committee, in making the 
announcement noted that. 

"Pharmacist Eugene V. White has 
had a definite impact on the 
practice of pharmacy during the 
past two decades. His concept of 
a pharmacy office was visionary 
and revolutionary, and in spite of 
many difficulties, he persisted in 
his quest to eliminate 'commercial 

The profession has honored 
Eugene V. White in another less 
obvious manner. Since 1960, more 
than 1,000 community-based 
office pharmacy practices have 
been started across the nation, 
each modeled after the original in 


R. Lee Clark, Jr. (M.D. '32) is now 
the chairman of the Committee on In- 
ternational Collaborative Activities of 
the American Association of Cancer 
Institutes and, as such, has spear- 
headed the publication of two di- 
rectories listing all the cancer centers in 
the world. Clark is also involved in 
setting up regional cancer organiza- 
tions and is promoting the establish- 
ment of a "truly universal language to 
compare diagnostic and treatment 


Nell Walden Blaine (fine arts '42) 
had her paintings, drawings, and 
watercolors exhibited at the Institute of 
Contemporary Art of the Virginia 


Floyd A. Robertson, Jr. (B.S. phar- 
macy '43) received the 1979 "Most Out- 
standing Individual of a Learned Pro- 
fession" award from the Virginia Asso- 
ciation of Professions. 


Author, naturalist, and former 
teacher of botany and biology Eugene 
E. Hutton (M.D. '46) was the guest 
speaker of the 13th Annual Post 
Graduate Session of the Tygart's Valley 
Medical Society in Elkins, West Vir- 

Matthew L. Lacy (M.D. '46) spoke at 
the Poquoson Masonic Temple. He is a 
grand master of the Masonic order in 


Barbara Harding Sant (B.F.A. art 
education '57) had an exhibition of her 

art at the Richardson Memorial Library 
in Emporia. 


Jean Moye Shepard (B.S. nursing 
'58) and her husband Glenn H. 
Shepard, M.D., attended the Interna- 
tional Congress of Plastic and Recon- 
structive Surgery in Rio de Janeiro, 


Robert G. Proctor (M.D. '55, resident 
obstetrics /gynecology '59) represented 
Virginia Commonwealth University at 
the inauguration of Joseph Neil Crow- 
ley as president of the University of 


John F. Barrett (B.S. business '60) 
has been elected assistant supreme 
treasurer of the Knights of Columbus 
headquarters in New Haven, Connec- 

Susan G. Rudolph (M.S. medical 
biochemistry '60) represented Virginia 
Commonwealth University at the in- 
auguration of Jerry M. Anderson as 
president of Ball State University, 
Muncie, Indiana. She is currently 
enrolled at Ball State in the counseling 
psychology Ph.D. program. 


Acquisition of land for new facilities 
and "development of a quality pro- 
gram" are top priorities for Bruce C. 
Bartlam (B.S. recreation '61) the new 
Stafford parks and recreation director. 

David W. Bullock (B.F.A. commer- 
cial art '61) has been promoted to an 
associate professor of fine arts at 
Kutztown State College, Kutztown, 


Richard L. Meador (B.S. business 
'62) vice-president and treasurer of E. 
W. Barger Company, was elected 
seventh district director of the Inde- 
pendent Insurance Agents of Virginia. 

Paul T. Steucke (B.F.A. commercial 
art '62) was promoted to public infor- 
mation officer for the Office of the 
Federal Inspector and will assist in 
coordinating activities related to the 
4,748 mile Alaska Natural Gas Trans- 
portation System project. 


"Midwinter Sauna" a poem by Pat- 
ricia Hensley Gray (B.S. journalism 
'63) won first place in the AH Nations 

Poetry Contest sponsored by Triton 
College in River Grove, Illinois. Her 
poem, one of 3,187 entries in the con- 
test, will be published in the anthology. 
Passages VI. Gray's poetry has ap- 
peared in other literary magazines, in- 
cluding 23(/i Moon and Voices Interna- 

Agnes Evans Pastor (M.M.E. voice 
'63) received a Doctor of Education 
degree from the University of Northern 
Colorado in Greeley in aesthetic educa- 


John C. Casebeer (internship 
surgery '65) represented Virginia 
Commonwealth University at the in- 
auguration of Dr. Eugene M. Hughes 
as president of Northern Arizona Uni- 
versity in Flagstaff. 

Page E. Huges, Jr. (B.M.E. music '65) 
and his wife Kathleen Lawyer Hughes 
(B.M.E. music education '65) now have 
two "pet hotels." 

James H. Revere (D.D.S. '65) repre- 
sented Virginia Commonwealth Uni- 
versity at the inauguration of John A. 
DiBiaggio, former dean of the VCU/ 
MCV School of Dentistry, as the 10th 
president of the University of Connec- 

Jane Owen Stringer (B.S. nursing 
'65) represented Virginia Common- 
wealth University at the inauguration 
of Richard Leslie Morrill as president of 
Salem Academy and College in 
Winston-Salem, North Carolina. 


Rudolph O. Shackelford (B.M. 
composition and organ '66) has been 
awarded a contract by G. K. Hall and 
Company to write a book on the life 
and works of the American composer 
Vincent Persichetti. He also has articles 
in forthcoming issues of Perspectives of 
New Music and The Musical Quarterly. 


The Sixth Annual Fall Arts and 
Crafts Festival in Harrisonburg was 
judged by Nancy Camden Witt 

(M.F.A. sculpture '67). 


McDonald's Corporation has 
awarded A. M. Bailey, Jr. (M.S. re- 
habilitation counseling '68) his second 
McDonald's restaurant. 

Malcolm L. Huffman (B.S. business 
'68) has opened a real estate firm, 
Heatherstone Properties, Ltd., in An- 

Edmond S. Pittman (B.S. accounting 
'68) has been named corporate treas- 
urer of the commercial and real estate 


The History 

Dr. Henry H. Hibbs has written a 
personal account of Richmond Profes- 
sional Institute from its modest begin- 
ning in 1917 to its consolidation with 
the Medical College of Virginia to form 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
in 1968. The book, entitled The History 
of the Richmond Professional Institute, 
is hardbound in an attractive 8"X11" 
format, contains 164 pages, and is 
generously illustrated with photo- 
graphs and drawings. 

The book, priced at $12.50, has been 
published by the RPI Foundation and 
is available exclusively through the 
Alumni Activities Office. 

Alumni Activities Office 

Virginia Commonwealth University 

Richmond, Virginia 23284 

Please make checks payable to 
Virginia Conimonioealth University 

Please send me: 

n History of RPI postpaid @ $12.50 




State Zip 

firm Morton G. Thalhimer Incorpo- 

Sarah Atkins White (M.S. sociology 
'68) has received a Doctor in Education 
from Nova University in Fort Lauder- 
dale, Florida. 


Elsa Perry Brooks (B.S. accounting 
'69) was installed as national vice- 
president of the American Society of 
Women Accountants. 

Linda Flory Rigsby (B.M. music his- 
tory '69) was the official hostess of the 
National Tobacco Festival in Rich- 

John Jay Schwartz (B.S. accounting 
'69) has joined James River Inc., Real- 
tors and will be in charge of developing 
an appraisal department and a reloca- 
tion department. 

Joseph Suarez (B.S. pharmacy '69) 
has been named a National Hispanic 
Success Model in Pharmacy by the Na- 
tional Coalition of Hispanic Mental 
Health and Human Service Organiza- 

Carl G. K. Weaver (M.S. business 
'69) has been appointed an associate 
professor of finance at James Madison 


Exxon Company, U.S.A. has pro- 
moted David W. Clements (B.S. adver- 
tising '70) to labor relations coordinator 
for the Eastern Region. 

At the annual meeting of the Ameri- 
can Statistical Society in Washington, 
D. C. John L. Batman (M.S. business, 
'70) presented a research report on 
credit scoring methods. 

Burson-Marsteller, an international 
public relations /public affairs corpora- 
tion, has elected Joseph M. Essex 
(B.F.A. communication arts and design 
'70) as a vice-president. Essex is also 
the creative group director in charge of 
the company's design /graphics group. 

Renee Elkin Cast (B.S. elementary 
education '70) received a Master of So- 
cial Work from Rutgers University. 

The Herald Progress in Ashland has 
promoted Katharine N. Gilbert 
(M.F.A. sculpture '70) from staff artist 
to supervisor of composition. 


Daniel R. Kitchen (B.S. sociology 
'71) has been named the director of 
Community Attention for the City of 

Robert E. Marchant (M.Ed, supervi- 
sion and administration '71) will be the 
coordinating principal of the 
Jefferson-Huguenot-Wythe High 
School Complex for the Richmond 
schools and will be responsible for the 
over-all planning and administration in 
the complex. 


Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr. (B.S. 
pharmacy '71) was honored by the Bur- 
roughs Wellcome Pharmacy Education 
Program. On behalf of Mitchell, a fund 
was established at the MCV School of 
Pharmacy to help needy pharmacy 
students complete their educations. 

John C. Neal (B.S. business adminis- 
tration '71) has been named commer- 
cial loan officer by the Dominion Na- 
tional Bank in Fredericksburg. 

In 100 degree temperatures Mason 
McConnaughey Purcell (B.F.A. crafts 
'71) wore long-sleeved dresses, con- 
servatively buttoned at the throat, and 
often times added a jacket and a scarf 
while she was in Afghanistan to pur- 
chase oriental rugs for her oriental rug 
company. "But police and soldiers still 
give you the eye," she said in an inter- 
view for the Richmond News Leader, 
"In the minds of the Afghans, I was 
probably in the category of someone 
standing in the middle of Grace 
Street — topless." 

The Texas Association of School 
Boards in Austin, has named Ida 
Darby Shackelford (B.S. journahsm 
'71) the director of publications. As 
such, Ms. Shackelford is responsible 
for the production of a quarterly 
magazine; general, legal, and legisla- 
tive newsletters; handbooks; and 


Everett D. Chenault (B.S. health and 
physical education '72) has been 
named the basketball coach at Patrick 
Henry High School in Hanover 

David C. Hastings (B.S. accounting 
'72), vice-president and director of 
taxes at First and Merchants Corpora- 
tion, will be serving on the Taxation 
Committee for the American Bankers 

Blair D. Mitchell (B.A. history '72) 
has opened up a law office in Newport 

The Henrico Countv School system 
has promoted William C. Nelson 
(M.S. rehabilitation counsehng '72) to 
super\'isor of adult basic education for 
the county. 

Ted N. Tussey (B.S. economics '72), 
a trust real estate officer for United 
Virginia Bank, has earned the profes- 
sional designation Certified Property 
Manager awarded by The Institute of 
Real Estate Management. 

Patricia Bell Williams (Ph.D. phar- 
macology '72) has been promoted to 
the position of associate professor of 
pharmacologv at the Eastern Virginia 
Medical School. She has also received a 
renewal of a National Institutes of 
Health grant to studv the development 
of collateral circulation. 


Bemadette Takach Conner (B.F.A. 
communication arts and design '73) has 

been appointed art director of Bodnar 
& Elbaum Inc., Farmington, Connec- 

Hallmark Cards has promoted 
Glenna Smith Gammon (B.S. retailing 
'73) to product marketing manager for 
specialty products. She will have pri- 
mary responsibility for the company's 
bath collection and the tree trimmings. 

The Board of Directors of the Central 
Fidelity Bank in Richmond has elected 
George T. Jamerson (B.S. business 
administration '73) to vice-president. 

David J. Segal (B.A. English '73) is 
currently at Rutgers University as an 
assistant instructor in Italian. While at 
Rutgers he is also working toward an 
M. A. /Ph.D. in Italian. 

John C. Stewart (M.Ed Special Edu- 
cation '73), the director of special pro- 
grams for Ozark City Schools, Ozark, 
Alabama, accompanied the Alabama 
Special Olympic Delegation to 
Brockport, New York, as a District 
Coordinator for the International Spe- 
cial Olympics. 


Steven B. Brincefield (M.S. business 
'74) was elected president of the 
Richmond Jaycees. 

William D. Eyre (B.F. A. dramatic art 
and speech '74) is the cultural programs 
coordinator with the Fiampton Recrea- 
tion Department. 

W. C. Fowlkes (B.S. business ad- 
ministration '74) has been named 
vice-president of Lincoln Savings and 
Loan Association in Richmond. 

John C. Fox (B.S. mass communica- 
tions '74) was promoted to advertising 
manager by General Medical of 

Douglas S. Higgins III (B.F. A. 
painting and printmaking '74) had an 
exhibit of chair paintings at the Yeatts 
Gallery in Roanoke. 

Bethann Vinick Kassman (M.S.W. 
'74) is the director of planning and 
marketing at the Sidney Farbert Cancer 
Institute in Boston, Massachusetts. 

A. Bartlett Keil (B.S. marketing '74) 
has joined the law firm of Whiteman 
and Sadler in Norfolk. 

Paul D. McWhinney (B.S. social wel- 
fare '74) has been named youth 
counselor-coordinator in the Waynes- 
boro Office of Youth Services. 

A drawing of Johnny Unitas, the 
former Baltimore Colts quaterback, by 
artist Thomas A. Segars (B.F. A. com- 
mercial art and design '74) was selected 
to be the official Pro Football Hall of 
Fame enshrinement mural. 

Carmen Foster Warren (B.S. mass 
communications '74) is a first year stu- 
dent at the School of Law at Washing- 
ton and Lee University. She worked as 
a media specialist and as a visual liter- 
acy teacher in the Richmond Public 
Schools before returning to school. 

The play-by-play announcer for the 
Randolph-Macon College football 

games will be sports enthusiast David 
Yushchak (M.Ed, administration and 
supervision '74). 


Kathleen M. Koerwer (dietetic 
intern '75) was featured in "Winning 
Recipes from the Florida Sunshine Re- 
cipe Contest." Her recipe was one of 
five chosen in national competition 
which is open to employees of various 
food service chains and organizations. 

Donald P. Parsley (B.S. psychology 
'75) has been promoted to the position 
of shift foreman of the Viscose Depart- 
ment of Avtex Fibers Incorporated in 
Front Royal, Virginia. 

Alice A. Talmadge (B.S. mass com- 
munications '75) has been named pub- 
lic information officer of the Harrisburg 
Area Community College, Harrisburg, 

Yale University has awarded Sylvia 
Harris Woodard (B.F. A. communica- 
tion arts and design '75) the Schickle- 
Collingwood Prize, given annually to a 
first-year student in the School of Art in 
recognition of exceptional develop- 
ment and progress in art. 


Andrew J. Billups, III (M.S. psy- 
chology '76) has begun doctoral study 
in clinical psychology at the Virginia 
Consortium for Professional Psychol- 
Marianne Hudert Coulter (B.S. 
elementary and special education '76) 
is teaching in the self-contained class- 
room at Millboro schools this year. 

Joel J. Greenwald (M.S.W. '76) has 
recently been admitted to the Academy 
of Certified Social Workers (ACSW). 

Thomas G.Honaker III (M. HA. '76) 
has been named administrator and 
chief executive officer of South Lake 
Memorial Hospital in Clermont, 

Douglas A. Pole (B.S. chemistry and 
biology '76) has begun house officer 
training in family medicine at the 
Bowman Gray School of Medicine of 
Wake Forest University. 

Patrick E. Sprague (D.D.S. '76) has 
located his private practice of family 
dentistry in Luray. 

William V. Stachoviak (B.S. recrea- 
tion '76) has been awarded a Master of 
Recreation and Park Administration 
degree by Clemson University. 


Jeffrey P. Harrison (M.H.A. '77), 
chief of out-patient administration for 
the Naval Regional Medical Center in 
Long Beach, California, represented 
Virginia Commonwealth University at 
the inauguration of Eugene Sumner 
Mills as president of Whittier College in 
Whittier, California. 

Kevin R. Jones (B.S. biology '77) has 
been promoted to laboratory specialist 

and Diplomas 






Class Rings 

Even if you failed to buy a class ring 
as a student, you can now order one. 
Rings for both men and women are 
available in a wide variety of styles. 
For more information and a price list, 
write for a ring order kit and please, 
specify whether the ring is for a man 
or a woman. 








— — — 

Confirmation Diplomas 

If you earned a degree (not a certificate) 
from Richmond Professional Institute 
prior to its becoming Virginia Com- 
monwealth University, you can get a 
confirmation diploma from VCU. Just 
write for an application form and 
return it with $10 to cover the cost 
of the new diploma. 

For the confirmation diploma applica- 
tion form and the ring order kit-price 
list, please write: Alumni Activities 
Office, Virginia Commonwealth Uni- 
versity, Richmond, Virginia 23284. 



Please notify us of your change of address 



































Please print dearly 












Send to: 

Alumni Records Officer 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
Richmond,Virginia 23284 
Telephone: (804) 257-1228 

Important Note: If this magazine 
is addressed to an alumnus who 
no longer lives at the address 
printed on the address label, 
please advise us so that we can 
correct our records. If you know 
the person's correct address, we 
would appreciate that informa- 
tion. Also, if a husband and wife 
are receiving more than one copy 
of the magazine, we would like 
to know so that we can eliminate 
duplicate mailings. But in order 
to correct our records we must 
know the names of both indi- 
viduals. And please, indicate 
maiden name when appropriate. 


at the MCV Department of Microbiol- 
ogy, where he is researching oral bacte- 
rial genetic systems using recombinant 
DNA techniques and was an assistant 
technical advisor to the CBS movie 
"The Henderson Monster." 

Jack L. Keaveny (B.F.A. painting 
and printmaking '77) received a Master 
of Fine Arts from Rutgers University. 

David A. Pegram (B.S. mass com- 
munications '77) has been promoted to 
operations manager for the Hanover 
County sister stations WKDH-AM and 

Robert T. Vaughan (M.B.A. '77) 
joined the law firm of Meade, Tate & 
Daniels as an associate. 

Dale O. Wiley (D.D.S. '77) has com- 
pleted a two year residency in dentistry 
at the University of Virginia Hospital 
and is in private practice in Richmond. 


The King William County School 
Board has appointed Edna Allen (B.S. 
elementary education '78) to teach the 
fifth grade at Hamilton-Holmes. 

Andrew F. Brown, Jr. (M.S. rehabili- 
tation counseling '78) has been ap- 
pointed casework supervisor to the 
11th District Court Service in Peters- 

Christie T. Davis (B.S. biology '78) 
has entered the graduate studies pro- 
gram of the Medical College of 

Patricia Conroy Franco (M.S. re- 
habilitation counseling '78) became the 
coordinator for the MCV Cancer Re- 
habilitation and Continuing Care Pro- 

The Danville Museum of Fine Arts 
and History exhibited paintings by De- 
borah L. Garbee (B.F.A. painting and 
printmaking '78) in its presentation of 
works by four professional artists. 

Cows are a familiar sight in the works 
of artist Marsha A. Heatwole (B.F.A. 
painting and printmaking '78), since 
her paintings and prints are usually of 
farmlands. She is currently teaching art 
for the Waynesboro Recreation De- 
partment and her works were recently 
on display at the Waynesboro Country 

Charles W. Kahle (B.S. pharmacy 
'78) was named to direct the Clinic 
Pharmacy at the Alleghany Regional 
Hospital in Alleghany County. 

David B. Patterson (M.S. business 
'78) was elected Clerk of the Circuit 
Court for Rockbridge County and the 
City of Lexington. 

Danny L. Peelman (B.S. administra- 
tion of justice and public safety '78) has 
recently completed his eighteen month 
probationary period with the Los 
Angeles Police Department, Holly- 
wood Division. 

The Three Sisters/Jean Nicole Cloth- 
ing Stores have promoted Regina 
Rafter (B.S. psychology '78) from de- 

partment manager to assistant store 
manager of the Chicago Loop Store. 

Thomas Y. Savage (B.S. mass com- 
munications '78) has "retired" from the 
Laurel Leader-Call in Laurel, Missis- 
sippi, as news editor and has been 
accepted to the New England School of 
Law, Boston, Massachusetts. 

John S. Turner (M.S.W. '78) is the 
director of a new family and marriage 
counseling center in the Lynchburg 

Kenneth X. Warren (M.Ed, elemen- 
tary education '78) is a first year student 
at the School of La w at Washington and 
Lee University. Before entering law 
school Warren was a special education 
teacher and the varsity basketball coach 
at Goochland High School. 


W. Gary Archer, Jr. (B.M.E. music 
education '79) wiU teach general music 
at Red Oak and Sturgeon Elementary 
Schools in Lawrenceville. 

The King William County School 
Board has appointed Christa L. Cole- 
man (B.S. special education '79) to 
teach trainable mentally retarded stu- 
dents in the vocational special educa- 
tion program. 

Peoples Drug Store of Kilmarnock 
Incorporated has announced the 
employment of John P. Crowder (B.S. 
pharmacy '79). 

Michael R. Fleenor (M.D. '79) is now 
serving his internship at the University 
of Kentucky Medical Center in Lexing- 

During a five-month trip to South 
America Tommy B. Graham (B.S. 
elementary education '79) taught lan- 
guage skills in a remote village south of 
Barranquilla, Colombia. 

Dane S. Hazlegrove (B.S. business 
administration and management '79) 
has enrolled at Columbia Bible College, 
Columbia, South Carolina. 

Scott L. Hoback (B.S. pharmacy '79) 
has accepted a position at the Roanoke 
Memorial Hospital. 

The S((sst'-T Surry Dispatch in 
Wakefield has hired Edward B. Kanis 
II (B.S. mass communications '79). 

The Staunton Fine Art Center invita- 
tional exhibit entitled "Hot and Cold 
Glass" featured Jonathan D. Kuhn 
(M.F.A. crafts '79). 

Elizabeth Irving Merwin (M.S. 
nursing '79) has been appointed to the 
State Human Rights Committee, Vir- 
ginia Department of Mental Health and 
Mental Retardation. 

Wesley F. Vassar, Jr. (M.P. A. public 
administration '79) a Richmond 
firefighter until an accident in 1977, has 
N'olunteered his services to the fire de- 
partment by working on a com- 
puterized e\aluation of the City, which 
will provide a firefighting guide on 
virtuallv anv problem the fire service 
may encounter. 

Enter the new decade 
with adventure 

Lei 1980 be your year to travel with VCU and friends. 

The year begins with the February 29-March 8 tour of Egypt, land of the Nile 
the Pyramids and the Pharaohs. Arrangements are for 8 days and 7 nights at 
the Heliopolis Sheraton Hotel, only minutes from Cairo, the "Entertainment 
Capital of Africa." This excursion includes round trip air fare, hotel 
accommodations, daily continental breakfast and free time to explore 
on your own. Optional tours to the Sphinx, the Pyramids, the Red 
Sea, and the biggest bazaar in the world are available for as little 
as $10.00 per person. Don't miss this chance to explore an ancient 
civilization in modern-day comfort. The price is $699 ( + 15% tax and 
service) per person, double occupancy. 

Great Britain, from May 14-21, is the second destination for 1980, 
and you can choose to sightsee by private rental car with unlimited 
mileage or by tour bus. If traveling by car, you will stay in Oxford, 
northwest of London, and you will be free to travel at your own pace 
This option is $9G9 complete, based on double occupancy. If taking the 
tour bus option, your itinerary will include London, Stratford-on-Avon, 
Oxford, the Lake District and many small historic towns in England and 
Wales. This option is $1,099 complete, based on double occupancy. Each tour 
includes round trip air fare, hotel accommodations, and a daily breakfast and 

Midway through this exciting year of travel is the June 18-26 journey 
to romantic Rome. The tour price includes round trip jet transportation, 
comfortable, modern hotel accommodations, a daily continental breakfast, 
and low cost optional tours. 

Watch for details of the up commg adventures to Ireland Bavaria 
(includes the Passion Play) and Israel •( " ^^ 

For more information please contact the Alumni Activities 
Office, Virginia Commonwealth University Richmond ^}A^^ ^^ 

Virginia 23284 or telephone (804) 257 1228 i^'^SV